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Royal Mortuary Temples

Royal Mortuary Temples Royal Mortuary Temples were associated with pyramids. In them, the king was worshiped while he was alive and after he was dead. The ceremonies in these temples may have given worship to the king so that he could direct this worship to the gods. The royal mortuary cults were

Sun Temples

Sun Temples Sun Temples were built during the Fifty Dynasty to honour the god Re. They are evidence for the growth in importance of this god. Though all the Sun Temples are in ruins now, enough remains of their decoration to show that the beauty of the natural world was celebrated in these places.


Temples Archaeology is essential to our attempts to understand ancient temples and the religion that once animated them. Because temples were often built with beautiful stone and fine columns of red granite from Aswan, most have been dismantled and the building materials recycled. Mud-bricks which

Tomb Inscriptions & Curses

Tomb Inscriptions and Curses Most inscriptions in tombs tell the name of the deceased, and list his or her titles. Sometimes the inscription also tells us the names of the tomb owner's parents. Very few tell us of the events of a person's life, though some Sixth Dynasty tombs, such as

Map of Ancient Egypt

Map of Ancient Egypt 

Primary Sources of Information about the Age of the Pyramids

The Age of Pyramids  We know more about the Ancient Egyptians than any other ancient civilization. Scribes of the Old Empire Tombs are major primary sources of information about Ancient Egypt. The Ancient Egyptians believed that death was not the end; there was an afterlife. This afterlife would

Secondary Sources

The Palermo Stone Originally, this large stone contained a record of the activities of the kings of Egypt from the First Dynasty to the beginning of the Fifth. The height of the Nile's annual inundation, festivals, gifts from the king to the gods, and wars were recorded. Compiled during the


Anicent Eyptain Vocabulary  Stelae: These are slabs of stone which usually have a picture and the name of the person pictured. Many of these were placed in tombs, often in the shape of a doorway (a false door). The information is usually the name of the tomb-owner, his titles, and sometimes

Royalty and the Court

Who is Who? A-C Aa-akhti:  Third Dynasty. Chief Architect and Royal Governor. Aa-akhti was wealthy and powerful. He was able to command a fine artist to carve decorations for his mortuary chapel. An image of Aa-akhti himself, dressed in an unusual long kilt, and surrounded by clear and lively