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Canadian Barcode of Life Initiative

Less than 10% of the planet’s estimated 100 million species have been identified and described. With the rate of species extinction at an unprecedented level, it is now more important than ever to discover and document the incredible diversity of life on Earth. Traditionally, species were

Conservation of Migratory Shorebirds

Migratory shorebirds are true wonders of the natural world. Each year, they undertake grueling migrations of up to 30,000 km from their wintering grounds in South America to their breeding grounds in the Canadian Arctic, and back again. Along the way, they stop at various staging points to rest and

Burgess Shale Projects

The Cambrian radiation represents the sudden worldwide appearance and rapid diversification of animals. The record of this critical event is documented in a series of exceptional fossil deposits with preservation of soft-bodied animals, especially in China and Canada. The Burgess Shale, located in

Amphibians and Reptiles of Guyana

The Guiana Shield region of northeastern South America, of which Guyana is a part, has been recognized as a global biodiversity hotspot by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) and other organizations. ROM research has contributed to the documentation of the biodiversity of this important region.

Palaeobiology, Palaeoecology, and Taphonomy

Studies on Paleozoic Arthropoda: Central Canada, including the Hudson Bay and James Bay Lowlands Fossil arthropods, particularly trilobites and chelicerates, are components of diverse benthic paleocommunities in the Paleozoic marine succession (Ordovician, Silurian, and Devonian) in Ontario,

Adaptive radiation, convergent evolution and speciation in Neotropical cichlids.

Adaptive radiation is recognized as one of the most important processes responsible for the origin of biological diversity. Because adaptive radiations produce diversification through ecological specialization, they are essential for understanding how ecological forces can drive evolutionary

Courtesan Photographs (1860s-c1900)

Inspired by an album of 168 cartes-de-visite of courtesans from various North Indian locations, mostly Lucknow, currently in the Royal Ontario Museum collection, this project examines the history of representation of the courtesan, from the dancing girl (nautch) in 18th-century Mughal and Company

Indian Painted Photographs (1860s to the present)

This project examines an important genre of South Asian photography that is distinct in the history of the medium and that has not yet been adequately studied. While other regions in the world applied paint to the photographic image, none did it with such frequency nor continued as long after the

Photography in India (1840s to the present)

This project is an attempt to write a history of photography in India in a condensed format that can be used as a class text book. It will exoplore the practice and development of photography in India through identifying key photographers, images, styles, technological advances, and other important

Raja Deen Dayal (1844-1905)

This project analyses the photographic work of Raja Deen Dayal (1844-1905), arguably one of the most well-known and prolific photographers in 19th-century India, and his studios in Indore, Hyderabad, and Bombay as a way to gain insight into the dynamics of colonialism, nationalism, and modernity