Craig N. Cipolla

Craig Cipolla

Isabel and Gino Vettoretto Curator of North American Archaeology

Interests: Archaeology, Anthropology, North America, Colonialism, Collaborative Indigenous Archaeology



B.A., Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Boston, 2003

M.A., Historical Archaeology, University of Massachusetts, Boston, 2005

Ph.D., Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Anthropology, 2010


Craig grew up on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. From there, anthropology and archaeology took him to Boston, Philadelphia, Leicester (UK), and now Toronto. His research focuses on North American archaeology, particularly New England and the Great Lakes. His main interests include archaeological theory, material culture, the archaeology of colonialism, indigenous collaborative archaeology, and fieldwork. He currently directs the Mohegan archaeological field school in partnership with the Mohegan Tribe of Connecticut (run through the Institute for Field Research) and looks forward to the possibility of developing a field project here in the Toronto area.

Before joining the ROM, Craig was Lecturer in Archaeology and a Marie Curie Research Fellow in the School of Archaeology and Ancient History at the University of Leicester. There, he directed a Master’s Program in Historical Archaeology and the Centre for Historical Archaeology, an interdisciplinary research center devoted to the archaeology of the last 500 years. Craig taught courses in historical archaeology, North American archaeology, the archaeology of colonialism, and archaeological theory. He is excited to bring his passion for teaching and public engagement to the ROM and to his new position in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Toronto.

Craig recently completed a book on contemporary archaeological theory (co-authored with Oliver Harris). He has published a number of books, articles, and chapters (listed below), and received major grants from the National Science Foundation and the European Commission. His current collaborative research project in Connecticut, "Remaking Archaeology: Decolonizing Indigenous-Colonial Histories through Mohegan Collaborative Archaeology," is supported by the Wenner Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. Craig is also currently working with a number of First Nations on repatriation projects. 


Blog Entries (ROM North American Archaeology)

Remembering Ancient Ceramic Traditions (by Richard Zane Smith, Catherine Tammaro, and Craig Cipolla)

Archaeological Approaches to Ceramics (by Ashley MacLellan and Craig Cipolla)

Wyandot Approaches to Archaeological Ceramics (by Richard Zane Smith and Catherine Tammaro)

The Past in the Present: A Dialogue (by Catherine Tammaro, Richard Zane Smith, and Craig Cipolla)





Vikings: The Exhibition, Royal Ontario Museum, Opens November 4, 2017 (with new content on Vikings in Canada).


Select Publications



2017, Oliver Harris and Craig N. Cipolla. Archaeological Theory in the New Millennium. Routledge. 

2017, Craig N. Cipolla (Ed.). Foreign Objects: Rethinking Indigenous Consumption in American Archaeology. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

2015, Craig N. Cipolla, and Katherine H. Hayes (Eds.). Rethinking Colonialism: Comparative Archaeological Approaches. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

2013, Craig N. Cipolla. Becoming Brothertown: Native American Ethnogenesis and Endurance. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.


Research Articles

2019, Craig N. Cipolla and Amelie Allard. Recognizing River Power: Watery Views of Ontario's Fur Trade. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, published online in October 2018.

2019, Craig N. Cipolla, James Quinn, and Jay Levy. Theory in Collaborative Indigenous Archaeology: Insights from Mohegan. American Antiquity 84(1):127-142.

2018, Craig N. Cipolla. Earth Flows and Lively Stone: What Difference Does 'Vibrant' Matter Make? Archaeological Dialogues 25(1):49-70.

2018, Amelie Allard and Craig N. Cipolla. The View from Watery Places: Rivers and Portages in teh Fur Trade Era. Open Rivers 12.

2017, Craig N. Cipolla. Native American Diaspora and Ethnogenesis. Oxford Online.

2016, Craig N. Cipolla and James Quinn. Archaeology the Mohegan Way: Reflections on Twenty Years of Community-Based Teaching and Research. Journal of Community Archaeology and Heritage 3(2): 118-134.

2016, Craig N. Cipolla. Being and Becoming Stone: Material Semiotics in Colonial New England. Semiotic Review.

2013, Craig N. Cipolla. Native American Historical Archaeology and the Trope of Authenticity. Historical Archaeology 47(3): 12-22.

2012, Craig N. Cipolla. Textual Artifacts, Artifactual Texts: An Historical Archaeology of Brothertown Writing. Historical Archaeology 46(2): 91-109.

2012, Craig N. Cipolla. Peopling the Place, Placing the People: An Archaeology of Brothertown Discourse. Ethnohistory 59(1): 51-78.

2011, Craig N. Cipolla. Commemoration, Community, and Colonial Politics at Brothertown. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 36(2): 145-172.

2008, Craig N. Cipolla. Signs of Identity, Signs of Memory. Archaeological Dialogues 15(2): 196-215.

2007, Craig N. Cipolla, Stephen W. Silliman, and David B. Landon. ‘Making Do:’ Nineteenth-Century Subsistence Practices on the Eastern Pequot Reservation. Northeastern Anthropology 74:41-64.

2007, Sportman, Sarah, Craig N. Cipolla, and David B. Landon. Zooarchaeological Evidence for Animal Husbandry and Foodways at Sylvester Manor. Northeast Historical Archaeology 36: 127-142.


Book Chapters

2017, Craig N. Cipolla. Indigenous People and Foreign Objects: Rethinking Consumption in American Archaeology. In Foreign Objects: Rethinking Indigenous Consumption in American Archaeology, edited by Craig N. Cipolla. Tucson, University of Arizona Press.

2017, Craig N. Cipolla. Postscript: Postcolonial Archaeology in the Age of Things. In Foreign Objects: Rethinking Indigenous Consumption in American Archaeology, edited by Craig N. Cipolla. Tucson, University of Arizona Press.

2015, Craig N. Cipolla. Colonial Consumption and Community Preservation. In Rethinking Colonialism: Comparative Archaeological Approaches, edited by Craig N. Cipolla. Gainesville, University Press of Florida.

2015, Craig N. Cipolla and Katherine H. Hayes. Introduction: Re-imagining Colonial Pasts, Influencing Colonial Futures. In Rethinking Colonialism: Comparative Archaeological Approaches, edited by Craig N. Cipolla. Gainesville, University Press of Florida.

2013, Cipolla, Craig N. Resituating Homeland: Motion, Movement & Ethnogenesis at Brothertown. In Archaeologies of Mobility and Movement, edited by Mary C. Beaudry and Travis G. Parno. New York, Springer.

2008, Preucel, Robert W. and Craig N. Cipolla. Indigenous and Postcolonial Archaeologies. In Archaeology and the Postcolonial Critique. Edited by Matthew Liebmann and Uzma Z. Rizvi. Walnut Creek, AltaMira.


Popular Articles

2019, Craig N. Cipolla. Fluid Histories: The Archaeology of Rivers in Ontario's Fur Trade. ROM Magazine, Spring 2019.

2017, Craig N. Cipolla. Vikings in Canada. ROM Magazine, Fall 2017, issue 25.