Our Voices, Our Histories

On the left, "The Migration", acrylic painting by Norval Morrisseau. On the right, , "White Mud Portage", oil painting by Paul Kane.

The lands that make up Turtle Island, or North America, have been occupied since Time Immemorial by many diverse Indigenous Peoples, yet history resources are often told from Western perspectives. This ever-evolving timeline was created in a cooperative effort to tell the many stories about our shared history from different perspectives.

This timeline is currently in the beta phase. We welcome   feedback   on this version of the timeline to help us improve future iterations. We will be continuously adding content as the project grows.

Learn more about this resource


 

Indigenous Perspectives

Western Perspectives

Time Immemorial

Creation of the Earth

Formation of the Solar System

900s

Vikings settle Newfoundland

1000s

Dorset encounter the Vikings

1100s

Five Nations form the Haudenosaunee Confederacy

Tekanawí:ta brings peace to the Five Nations

1400s

Christopher Columbus arrives in the Americas

John Cabot explores the northeastern coast

1500s

First Contact between Jacques Cartier and the Mi'kmaq

Trade between First Nations, Inuit and Europeans

Haudenosaunee save Jacques Cartier from scurvy

1600s

European fur trade established in North America

Champlain establishes first permanent European settlement

Innu knowledge helps Champlain settle Quebec

Indigenous fur trade expands to include Europeans

Treaty negotiations incorporate a calumet

1700s

Captain Cook arrives in Nootka Sound

Building Relationships through Gift-Giving and Treaties

1800s

Métis lead the "Northwest Resistance"

Confederation of Canada

The War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States

Tecumseh and Indigenous Peoples join the War of 1812

Formation of the Covenant Chain

Treaties incorporate annual payments

1900s

Modern Land Claims