Sigmund Samuel Gallery of Canada | Level 1

  • The Death of General Wolfe (oil on canvas), Benjamin West, 1776 with studio assistants, retouched 1806.
    The Death of General Wolfe by Benjamin West is one of the gallery's centrepieces. The last of five large versions painted by West's own hand, it is a visual marker of the pivotal moment in 1759 when Britain could claim the colony of New France as its own.
  • Explore Canadian history and identity through Canadian paintings and pictorial arts.
    Our renowned collection of Canadian paintings and pictorial arts groups landscapes separately from portraits, allowing visitors to explore the significance of both land and individuals in the shaping of Canadian history and identity.
  • Maple leaf glass
    Trace the integration of uniquely Canadian designs into objects of everyday life. These pieces, dating to the beginning of the 20th century, were produced in Montreal.
  • Red sofa made by Canadian designer Karim Rashid.
    Explore the characteristics reflected in a growing contemporary Canadian collection with objects such as Canadian designer Karim Rashid's stunning red sofa.
  • The Hunter's Camp, (oil painting), A.A. Heming, 1919.
    Ontario-born Arthur Heming was often referred to as the "chronicler of the North" for his paintings and books that portrayed the unique essence of Canada's natural beauty and spirit. Painted in 1919, The Hunter's Camp (above) is one of several of his works on display.
  • Trace the emergence of Canadian style in furniture and other decorative arts.
    Trace the emergence of Canadian style in furniture and other decorative arts. Sporting a caved beaver and maple leaf motifs, this iconic wine cellaret was produced in Quebec in the 1880s.

From colonies to country… Canada revealed.

Canada's heritage is one of diverse cultures and deep roots. Originally influenced by English, French and Aboriginal cultures, and more recently by a mosaic of international ethnicity, the essence of Canadian-ness and its changing emblems and symbols of identity play a key role in placing context around the collections in this growing gallery.

Behold the world of early Canada told through the lens of the rich decorative and pictorial arts produced by the early settlers from France and Great Britain. Continue the story of Canada's cultural heritage with a growing contemporary collection reflecting the cultures of successive generations of immigrants. Furniture, historical artifacts, landscape paintings, portraits, religious artifacts and modern design help us understand where Canadians have come from, how they lived, the evolving nature of Canadian identity and Canadian-ness, and its ongoing contribution to the nation's cultural fabric.

About the Gallery


Approximately 560 artifacts present Canadian heritage, from the early years of European settlement to the present day, with emphasis on the early French and British cultural legacy.


Canada, west to the Pacific Ocean, north to the Arctic, east to the Atlantic, and south to the border with the United States.


From 17th century AD to the present.

ROM Staff

Heidi Sobol

Senior Conservator, Paintings

"Woman in hat, donning gloves" (oil and graphite on canvas), Rex Woods, 1937. "Let's Finish the Job! - Buy Victory Bonds" (oil on canvas), Rex Woods, 1943. "Female equestrian with Dalmatian" (oil on canvas), Rex Woods, 1936

Curator (Canadian Paintings, Prints & Drawings) Canadiana Curatorship

Authored by: Noman Siddiqui